First, What is Forensic Science?
Forensic Science is the application of science or non-science subjects principles, techniques, theories and evolving nature for the clearer view in investigation and in proceeding of court to aid justice.
Now, What Forensic Scientist Do?
Forensic Scientists provide the clarity on collected samples/exhibits or evidences. They work on given samples/evidences and prepare report.
The term ‘Forensic Scientist’ is not a single designation, rather a number of post holders in this field are referred to as a Forensic Scientist or Forensic Expert, known as a Forensic Scientist or Forensic Expert, whose specialty applies to legal questions.
And now we have a question, what do they do to help in legal proceedings and investigation of acquitted or convicted suspects?
A forensic scientist reconstructs a crime scene, and determines species from blood and other body fluids, distinguishes between forged and genuine documents and signatures, determines bullet trajectories and weapons, etc.
But all these work is not done by one person, we need different and specialized skills which is applicable to forensic scientist/experts.
- The document examination is done by the document examiner.
- Handwriting check by handwriting Expert.
- Forensic serologists examine body fluids and DNA.
- Firearms, bullets and explosives are examined and traced by a forensic firearms examiner.
- And, soil, paint, equipment marks, etc., are tested, analyzed, and detected by forensic physicists.
They work under a lot of stress because they know, their reports and findings can prove someone innocent or guilty. Sometimes they have to work round the clock depending on the nature and urgency of the matter.
Usually, crime scene investigators visit the scene and collect evidence, but sometimes forensic experts and scientists are also required to visit the scene themselves when the case is important but usually they present in forensic laboratories and do their work.
After working and testing the sample, they prepare a report of findings for further proceedings and sometimes they are also called before the court for testimony or expert opinion.
What are educational requirements for Forensic Scientist?
Educational requirements may vary by employer and position. For example, sometimes you need some experience in a particular field to apply, but not every lab or agency asks for it. (It totally depends on the laboratories or agency).
The eligibility depends on the post which is clearly mentioned in the vacancy notification from the laboratory or agency.
Many positions in this field usually require a bachelor’s degree in natural science such as: physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, chemistry, or forensic science.
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