Question- All of the following are impulse disorder, except:
d.) Capgro’s Syndrome
Answer- d.) Capgro’s Syndrome
Explanation- An impulse control disorder is a condition in which a person has trouble controlling emotions or behaviors and constant urge to do things.
Pyromania is an impulse control disorder in which individuals repeatedly fail to resist impulses to deliberately start fires, in order to relieve tension or for instant gratification.
Trichotillomania (TTM), is an impulse control disorder in which person can not resist the urge of hair pulling disorder. it is a mental disorder characterized by a long-term urge that results in the pulling out of one’s hair.
Kleptomania is an impulse control disorder in which a person can not resist the urge to steal items. The things that are stolen are not needed for personal use or their monetary value.
Capgras syndrome is also known as “imposter syndrome” or “Capgras delusion.” People who experience this syndrome will have an irrational belief that someone they know or recognize has been replaced by an imposter.
Kind Of Antisocial Behavior, Which Is Punishable By Law Or Norms, Stated By
Community,” Can Be Stated As Criminal Behavior.
behavior study is to understand the behavior of criminal and find some answer
of the questions such as:
Why do criminals commit an offence?
Who are they?
How do they think?
What do they do?
factor in criminality is anything in a persons psychology, what will somewhat
increase possibility, that he/she will get involved in a criminal activity.
These may include:
Lack of education,
Poor personal temperament,
Influence of society
Poor parenting, etc…
How To Measure Criminal Behavior?
Criminal behavior usually is
Arrests and charges,
Actual crime rates.
Causes Of Criminal behavior
Family issues– Children with violent parents are more likely
to become violent through learned behaviors.
Financial problems, or starvation – When A person has to struggle
every day just to fulfil his/her basic needs, the probability that they commit
crime to complete their desire.
Socioeconomic status – Many feels inferior or low because
of their lower middle or poor class lifestyle and sometimes to gain high status
they choose wrong path.
Genetics – Any type of psychological problem
or mental disorder such as anxiety problem, aggression, etc.
Mental illness– More than half the populations in
jails and state and federal prisons have some kind of mental illness according
to national institute of mental health.
Theories Of Criminal Behavior
Broad Models Of Criminal Behaviors Are The Following:
Crime control policy based on psychological principles targets individuals and tries to prevent criminal behavior from this point.
Any policy aimed at preventing crime by targeting persons such as training, education, promotion of self-awareness, rehabilitation, resocialization or identification risks of criminal behavior are psychological in nature.
Some fundamental assumptions of psychological theories of criminality are following:
Normality is generally defined by social consensus.
The individual is the primary unit of analysis in psychological theories.
Criminal behavior may be purposeful for the individual in so far as it addresses certain felt needs.
Defective, or abnormal, mental processes may have a variety of causes, i.e., A diseased mind, inappropriate learning or improper conditioning, the emulation of inappropriate role models, and adjustment to inner conflicts. (Mischel, 1968.)
According to social control theory, if
social bounds of a person is weak, he/she will more likely conduct a criminal
act, because people care what others thinks of them and try to conform with
social expectations because of their attachment to others.
Sociological notions of
criminality define as:
How the contradictions of all of
these interacting groups contribute to criminality.
Attempting to connect the issues of
the individual’s criminality with the broader social structures and cultural
values of society, familial, or peer group.
Criminality is viewed from the point
of view of the social construction of criminality and its social causes.
theories purport, that criminal behavior is caused by some flaw in individual’s
to Raine Study, This physical flaw could be due to…
Brain abnormalities that were caused by either of the above, improper development, or trauma.
Many theories are sharing
biological approaches such as:
Trait And Psychodynamic Trait Theories,
Y Chromosome Theory And Others.
There are several types of
crime control, which involve artificial interference in human biology such as
Chemical Methods Of Control,
Brain Stimulation And Others.
several types of crime control, which involve artificial interference in human
biology such as Psychosurgery, chemical methods of control, brain stimulation
This theory was developed by Sigmund Freud in the late 1800’s and has
then become a significant theory in the history of criminality (Siegel, 2005).
The theory is a three-part structure consisting of the id, the ego and
the super ego.
The id is considered the underdeveloped of primitive part of our markup.
It controls our need for food, sleep and other basic instinct. This part is
purely focused on instant gratification.
The ego controls the id by setting up boundaries.
The superego is the change of judging the situation through morality
surgery to control behavior has rarely been applied to criminal behavior.
Certainly much more common between the 1930’s to the late 1970’s there were
over 40,000 frontal lobotomies performed. Lobotomies were used to treat a wide
range of problems from depression, to schizophrenia.
the lobotomy has fallen out of favour due medications used to control behavior,
although some view the use of medications as equivalent to a lobotomy (e.g.,
see Breggin, 2008).
appears to be an option that will most likely not be put into use due to the
stigma associated with it.
Chemical methods of control
The use of pharmacological
treatments to try to control crime has been on going in two major areas:
Chemical castration for sex offenders and Pharmacological
Interventions for drug or alcohol addicts.
Sometimes mentally ill people in the
criminal justice system been ordered to take medications to treat their mental
Other pharmacological interventions
to control crime seem plausible and are being investigated, but do not appear
to have been widely used.
Deep brain stimulation is used for some disorders such as Parkinson’s
disease, but has yet been investigated for criminal behavior.
Biological theorists have advocated changes in diet to deal with
criminality (Burton, 2002) and better relations between parents.
There is also the famous genetic XYY combination that was once thought
to be a marker for a criminal type, but as it turned out these individuals were
found to be less intelligent or more likely to have learning difficulties as
opposed to being criminal types.
Principles to remember
We Have Strong Tendencies To Pay Special Attention To Negative Information And At The Same Time, Powerful Tendencies To Expect Things To Turn Out Well. Beware Of Both Because They Can Generate Serious Errors In Social Thoughts.
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Forensic is; Observe a Little More – Archana Singh