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Questioned Document Examination (Chapter 1)

Question: How many parts of the documents are divided into evidence law?

Answer: Documents are divided into two categories:

Private Documents and Public Documents.

Public Documents: According to Section 74 of Indian Evidence Act, 1872 the Following Documents are Public Documents:

(1) Documents forming the acts, or records of the acts—

(i) of the sovereign authority,

(ii) of official bodies and tribunals, and

(iii) of public officers, legislative, judicial and executive, of any part of India or of the Commonwealth, or of a foreign country;

 (2) Public records kept in any State of private documents.”

Private Documents: As per Section 75 of Evidence Act, “all other documents other than those, enlisted in Section 74 of the Evidence Act are Private Documents.”

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