Forensic Archaeology: An Overview

Archaeology is simply the study of past remains and it’s recovery, analysis for the information. In other words is the study of the ancient and recent human past through material remains that may aged up to millions of years. The application of archaeological knowledge and providing interpretation on its basis for the need of crime investigation to obtain leads and evidences is called Forensic Archaeology. Forensic Archaeologists are often employed to excavate and recover human remains, material items and weapons from different sites related to crime. They are involved in cases of mass disasters, lawful exhumations and to locate graves and grave sites, objects related to crimes, surface disposal of human remains, mass buried evidences that are relevant for both civil and criminal cases, fire scenes, clandestine graves. Hence, this field plays a very crucial and inevitable role in interpreting and distinguishing between natural and cultural events relating to site formation process. The manner of death, time since disposal of body and evidences, recovery of skeletal remains are some of the relevant facts that can be obtained which could be an aid for the law enforcement in criminal investigation proceedings.

About The Author

Mirna Shajahan is a researcher in forensics and currently pursuing her post-graduation in Forensic Science

Archaeologists do not need to dig to learn about what is under the earth's surface. Geophysical surveys employ electric and magnets to detect minute variations in the earth and build a map of possible archaeology beneath the surface. Drones may also be used to capture aerial images, where features such as cropmarks might provide information about historical human activities.
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