Cyber-Attacks: What They Are and How They Work

What is Cyber Attack?

A cyber attack is a series of actions is carried out by malicious attackers in order to obtain unauthorized access to computers, computer networks, or other computing systems, steal information, or inflict harm. Typically, the attacker hopes to gain some sort of advantage through interrupting the victim’s network.

What Are the Most Common Cyberattacks?

Malware: Malicious software is a term that refers to any type of programme that is designed to harm a single computer, server, or computer network. It includes Ransomware, Spyware, Worms, Viruses, and Trojan Horses.

Phishing: It is a technique for obtaining personal information through misleading e-mails and websites.

Denial-of-Service (DoS) attacks: A Denial-of-Service (DoS) attack is an attempt to bring a machine or network to a halt, rendering it unreachable to its intended users. It attacks work by inundating the target with traffic or delivering it information that causes it to crash.

Man-in-the-middle (MitM) attacks: It also known as eavesdropping attacks, occur when an attacker enters a two-party transaction as a third party. After interrupting the traffic, the attackers can filter and steal data.

SQL Injection: SQL Injection is a programming language that is used to interface with databases. SQL stands for Structured Query Language.

A SQL injection attack is a type of attack that uses malicious code to trick a server into divulging information it wouldn’t ordinarily divulge.

Cross-Site Scripting (XSS): This attack is similar to a SQL injection attack in that it involves injecting malicious code into a website; however the website is not attacked.

Social engineering: Social engineering is a type of attack that uses human interaction to persuade users to violate security standards in order to get access to sensitive information that is normally protected.

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