Aptitude In Forensic Science (FACT and FACT Plus Syllabus)

(FACT & FACT Plus 2022)

SECTION : A

APTITUDE IN FORENSIC SCIENCE

For specialization subjects of Forensic Physical Sciences (Ballistics, Document and Physics), Forensic Biological Sciences (Serology and DNA), Forensic Chemical Sciences (Toxicology, Chemistry, Narcotics and Explosives), Cyber Forensics (Mobile Forensic, Audio-Video, etc.)

a) General knowledge, general English, aptitude and reasoning.

b) Fundamentals of basic sciences as applied to forensic investigation.

i. Principles of the forensic science, disciplines of forensic science and their functions. Developments in forensic science in India and abroad. Scope of analysis in forensic science laboratories/institutions. Legendries and their contributions in the field of forensic science.

ii. Types of evidence materials in different type of crimes, source and significance of evidence material, tools and techniques in crime scene search, sketching, measurement, photography and videography. Identification, collection, preservation, packaging and forwarding of evidence materials. reconstruction of scenes of crime, lifting, developing and preserving fingerprints, footprints and tyre impressions and pattern evidence, Sampling, Chain of custody. Safety measures at the scene of crime and in laboratory.

c) Quality Control and Quality Assurance in the analysis of evidence materials, Proficiency Test.

d) Class and individual characteristics of material evidence. Techniques and instruments for evidence analysis: Electromagnetic radiations, Interaction of radiation with matter, Microscopy, Spectroscopy, Spectrophotometry, Chromatography, Electrophoresis, Components of Computer and their functions, Imaging of digital evidence and authentication, Forensic photography. Precision, accuracy, error rate and standarisation.

e) Basic Principles of Statistics – Probability, Mean, Median, Mode, FTest, Chi-square Test, Measurement of uncertainty. Systematic and Random Sampling.

f) Expert testimony in the Court of law. Admissibility of evidence, Laws, Acts, CrPC and IPC relevant to forensic science. Ethics in Forensic Science.

For specialization subject of Forensic Psychology

a) Criminology, Psychology, Reasoning and Forensic Science

Suggested Readings

1. Adler F. (5th Edition) (2004), Criminology, McGraw-Hill.

2. Allison H.C. (1973), Personal Identification, Holbrook Press, Inc.

3. Arrigo A. B.(2002), Introduction to forensic Psychology, Elsevier Inc.

4. Ashraf Mozayani, Carla Noziglia .The Forensic Laboratory Handbook Procedures and Practice, 2nd edition, Humana Press 2010

5. Barak G. (1998), Integrative Criminology, Ashgate Pub Ltd.

6. Barnett P.D. (2001), Ethics in Forensic Science: Professional Standards for the Practice of Criminalistics, CRC press .

7. Biderman (1st Edition) (1961), The Manipulation of Human Behavior, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

8. Bridges (1942), Practical Finger Printing, Funk and Washalls Co. New York.

9. Cherril F.R. (1954), The Finger Prints. System at Scotland Yard: A Practical Treatise on Finger Print Identification for the Use of Students and Experts and a Guide for Investigators when Dealing with Imprints Left at the Scenes of Crime, H.M. Stationary office, London.

10. Constitution of India.

11. Cooke G. (1980), The role of Forensic Psychologist, Thomas Publication.

12. Criminal Procedure code.

13. Cummins and Midlo (1943), Finger Prints, Palms and Soles, The Blakiston office London.

14. Gaensselen R., Harris H. and Lee H. (2007), Introduction to Forensic Science and Criminalistics, McGraw-Hill Education.

15. Haward R.C.L. (1981), Forensic Psychology, Batsford Academic and Educational.

16. Hess A.K. and Weiner I.B. (2nd Edition) (1999), Handbook of Forensic Psychology, Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated.

17. Holt S.B. (1968), Genetics of Dermal Ridges, Thomas.

18. Howitt D. (2002), Forensic and Criminal Psychology, Pearson Education Limited.

19. Indian Evidence Act.

20. Indian Penal Code.

21. Jacqueline T. Fish, Federal Bureau of Investigation. FBI Handbook of Crime Scene Forensics: The Authoritative Guide to Navigating Crime Scenes 2015

22. James S.H and Nordby J.J. (2003), Forensic Science: An introduction to scientific and investigative techniques, CRC Press, USA.

23. Johnson E.H. (4th Edition) (1978), Crime, Correction and Society, Dorsey Press.

24. Kirk P.L. (1953), Criminal Investigation: physpical evidence and the police laboratory, Interscience Publisher Inc. New York.

25. Mehta M. K. (1980), Identification of Thumb Impression & Cross Examination of Finger Prints, N. M. Tripathi (P) Ltd. Bombay.

26. Moenssens (1975), Finger Prints Techniques, Chitton Book Co. Philadelphia, New York.

27. Nanda B.B. and Tewari, R.K. (2001), Forensic Science in India: A vision for the twenty first century, Select Publisher, New Delhi.

28. Nickolas P. and Sherman H. (2006), Illustrated Guide to Crlme Scene Investigation, CRC press.

29. O’Hara C.E. and Osterburg J.W. (1949). Introduction to Criminalistics, The MacMillan Co.

30. Osterburg J.W. (1968), The Crime Laboratory: Case Studies of Scientific Criminal Investigation, West Group.

31. Raul Sutton, Keith Trueman, Christopher Moran. Crime Scene Management: Scene Specific Methods, Wiley Publishers 2016

32. Richard Saferstein. Forensic Science: From the Crime Scene to the Crime Lab, Prentice Hall, 2014

33. Reid S.T. (12th Edition) (2008), Crime and Criminology, Oxford University Press, USA.

34. Saferstien R. (8th Edition) (1976), Forensic Science Handbook, Prentice Hall Inc. USA.

35. Sharma B.R. (2003) Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation and Trials, Universal Law Publishing Company.

36. Stuart H. James, John J. Nordby, Suzanne Bell. Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigation Techniques, 4th edition, CRC Press 2014

37. Wentworth and Wilder (1948), Personal Identification, R. G. Badger, Boston.

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