Tag Archives: multiple choice question on forensic medicine and toxicology

Passage related MCQ

Read the paragraph and answer the objective questions given at the end of it:

In summer a decomposed unidentified dead body was found floating in a river. The postmortem examination revealed the presence of weeds in the hand of the deceased. The internal examination of deceased body showed the presence of froth in trachea and diatoms in the lungs.

1. The floating of dead body shows that the death was caused:

A.) Within 4 hours

B.) 4 to 13 hours

C.) 12 to 24 hours

D.) More than 3-4 days

2. The presence of _____ will ascertain that it is an antemortem drowning:

A.) Weed in hands

B.) Diatoms in lungs

C.) Froth in trachea

D.) All of the above

3. The identification of dead body can be done by:

A.) Putrefied body

B.) Place of occurrence

C.) Laundry and tailor marks on clothes

D.) None of the above

4. The fingerprint of the deceased can be obtained by:

A.) Visual Examination

B.) Infrared Photography

C.) X-Ray Photography

D.) UV Photography

Answers : 1. C 2. D 3. C 4. A

MCQs on Forensic Science

1.)       Estimation of age examination of teeth is by

a. Pearson’s method

b. Gustafson’s method

c. Galton’s method

d. Bertillon’s method

2.)    Most common type of fingerprint is:

a. Loop       

b. Arch

c, Composite

d, Whorl

3.) Handwriting which is joined up and in lower case is known as:

a. Cursive

b. Graphic.

c. Disconnected.

d. Script.

4.) Which of the following statements is not true?

a. The handwriting of an individual is unaffected by advancing years.

b. An individual’s handwriting may show variation as a result of stress or illness.

c. An individual’s handwriting may show variation as a result of stress or illness.

d. The handwriting of an individual shows natural variation.

5.) Which of the following is characteristic of genuine signatures (as opposed to forged signatures)?

a. Pen strokes with blunt ends.

b. Pen strokes with tapering ends.

c. Unnatural pen lifts.

d. Evidence of retouching.

6.) Which of the following statements is not true?

a. It is usually possible to link a printed word-processed document to the computer that was used to compose it.

b. In laser printers, it may be possible to link a particular printed document with a suspect printer, if there are faults present on the drum that are transferred to the printed page.

c. Damage defects and misalignments of the typeface of a manual typewriter may help to identify it as the source of a particular typed document.

d. The typeface of a single element electric typewriter is not fixed as its single element can easily be replaced.

7.) The traditional printing method of relief printing is also known as:

a. Gravure

b. Intaglio.

c. Lithography.

d. Letterpress.

8.) Which of the following is not an anti-counterfeiting measure that may be incorporated into printed documents?

a. A dandy roll.

b. A watermark.

c. An iridescent stripe.

d. A hologram patch.

9.) Which of the following methods used in the analysis of ink may be described as ‘destructive’?

a. Examination under specialist lighting conditions using, for example, the Video Spectral Comparator.

b. Examination under specialist lighting conditions using, for example, the Video Spectral Comparator.

c. Infrared microscopy

d. Raman microscopy

10.) The most commonly used material for in the manufacture of paper is:

a. Sisal

b. Cotton

c. Wood from Deciduous Trees

d. Wood from Coniferous Trees

11.) Segments of writing obscured by the application of an appropriate substance such as a correction fluid are known as:

a. Embellishments

b. Corrections

c. Obliterations

d. Erasures

12.) The electrostatic detection apparatus (ESDA) is not used:

a. To Visualise Indented Writing.

b. To Examine Torn Edges Of Paper For Possible Matching.

c. To Determine The Sequence Of Writing Impressions And Ink strokes.

d. To Date Inks.

13.) The first police officer to arrive at a crime scene is called the:

a. Primary Officer

b. Inspector

c. First Responder

d. Emergency Technician

14.) First priority at a crime scene is given to:

a. Conducting a preliminary survey of the scene

b. Detaining suspects or witnesses still at the scene

c. Obtaining medical assistance for injured parties at the scene

d. All of the above

15.) To establish the boundaries of a crime scene, officers can use all of the following except;

a. Rope

b. Vehicle

c. Crime Scene Tape

d. Traffic Cones

16.) Admittance to the crime scene must include only:

a. Blood relatives of the victim

b. Law enforcement personnel

c. Police officers, district attorneys, and authorized media members

d. Law enforcement and forensic personnel assigned to the case

17.) In a child kidnapping case, the hotel room where the kidnapped child was brought after the abduction would be considered:

a. A Secondary scene

b. A Command center

c. A Primary scene

d. A Corroborating scene

18.) The initial walkthrough survey of the crime scene should be carried out by the:

a. First Responder

b. Evidence Technician

c. Police Chief

d, Lead Investigator

19.) The search for physical evidence at a crime scene:

a. Necessitates That Only Those Individuals With Specific Training In Forensic Evidence Collection Be Present.

b. Begins With The Police Chief, Who Maintains Ultimate Responsibility For The Crime Scene.

c. Must Be Thorough And Systematic.

d. Must Be Started Immediately So As Not To Lose Any Evidence.

20.) Which of the following is considered to be an acceptable crime scene search pattern:

a. Spiral search

b. Line search

c. Quadrant search

d. All of the above

21.) If investigators at a crime scene improperly search or preserve physical evidence:

a. Sensitive laboratory procedures can still extract the needed information

b. They can be sued under federal law

c. They can easily return to the scene and try again

d. The damage is irreversible and harmful to the investigation

22.) Before the scene can be released, the investigation team must complete:

a. Paperwork

b. A final survey

c. A thorough cleaning of the scene

d. None of the above

23.) Items discovered at a crime scene must be:

a. Packaged in one container to keep everything together

b. Initially tested for evidentiary value

c. Handled only by representatives from the crime laboratory evidence unit

d. Marked for identification with the collector’s initials and date of collection

24.) Uncontaminated surface material close to an area where physical evidence has been deposited is a:

a. Standard sample

b. Reference sample

c. Substrate control

d. Ground material

25.) Vacuum sweepings, fingernail scrapings, clothing, and vehicles are collected as possible:

a. Substrate controls

b. Carriers of trace evidence

c. Secondary crime scenes

d. DNA-containing evidence

Answer-Sheet

Forensic Medicine & Toxicology (MCQs)

Q-1. Segmented blood in retinal blood vessels, sign is: (AIIMS MAY 2015)

a) Rokitansky

b) Tache noir

c) Kevorkian

d) None

Answer: Kevorkian sign

Q-2. The ideal place to record temperature in dead body is from: (AIIMS MAY 2006)

a) Axilla

b) Groin

c) Rectum

d) Mouth

Answer: Rectum

Q-3. Brachiocephaly is due to fusion of

a) Saggital suture      

b) Coronal suture

c) Parietal suture

d) Lambdoid suture

Answer: Coronal Suture

Q-4. A dead body is having cadaveric lividity of bluish green color. The most likely cause of death is by poisoning due to: (AIIMS MAY 2006)

a) Hydrocyanic Acid

b) Hydrogen Sulfide

c) Oleander

d) Sodium Nitrite

Answer: Hydrogen Sulfide

Q-5. A dead body with suspected poisoning is having hypostasis of red brown or deep blue in color. It is suggestive of poisoning due to: (AIIMS NOV 2002)

a) Nitrates

b) Carbon monoxide

c) Cyanides

d) Barbiturates

Answer: Nitrates

Q-6. Rigor mortis is not seen in (AIIMS NOV 2013)

a) Female with strong built

b) Male with strong built

c) Old person >80yrs old

d) Fetus <20 wks gestation age

Answer: Fetus <20 wks gestation age

Q-7. In a suspected case of death due to poisoning, where cadaveric rigidity is lasting longer than usual, it may be a case of poisoning due to: (AIIMS May 2003)

a) Lead

b) Arsenic

c) Mercury

d) Copper

Answer: Arsenic

Q-8. Heat stiffening in muscles occurs above temperature- (AIIMS MAY 2012)

a) 30°C

b) 40°C

c) 50°C

d) 60°C

Answer: 60°C

Q-9. When a group of muscles of a dead body were in state of strong contraction immediately prior to death and remain so even after death, the condition is termed as: (AIIMS May 2005)

a) Gas stiffening

b) Rigor mortis

c) Cadaveric spasm

d) Cold stiffening

Answer: Cadaveric spasm

Q-10. Postmortem caloricity may be seen in all the following causes of death except: (AIIMS May 2005)

a) Septicemia

b) Barbiturate poisoning

c) Strychnine poisoning

d) Tetanus

Answer: Barbiturate poisoning

Q-11. Which one of the tissues putrefies late? (AIIMS NOV 2003)

a) Brain

b) Prostate

c) Liver

d) Stomach

Answer: Prostate

Q-12. Condition promoting adipocere formation (AIIMS MAY 2011)

a) Dry and hot

b) Hot and humid

c) Dry and optimum

d) Cold and moist

Answer: Hot and humid

Q-13. A dead born fetus does not have: (AIIMS May 2003)

a) Rigor mortis at birth

b) Adipocere formation

c) Maceration

d) Mummification

Answer: Adipocere formation

Q-14. Constituents of a typical embalming solution are all except (AIIMS NOV 2008)

a) Phenol

b) Glycerin

c) Formalin

d) Ethanol

Answer: Phenol

Q-15. The dead body of a murdered person is brought for preservation in mortuary. Which of the following statements is not correct? (AIIMS NOV 2004)

a) The body should be stored averagely at 4°C

b) The body can be embalmed before postmortem

c) The body should be never undressed before the forensic doctor has seen it

d) The body can be stored at –20°C to preserve it for long duration

Answer: The body can be embalmed before postmortem