Category Archives: IEA

Section 47A in The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

Opinion as to electronic signature when relevant

When the Court has to form an opinion as to the electronic signature of any person, the opinion of the Certifying Authority which has issued the Electronic Signature Certificate is a relevant fact.

Section 47 in The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

IEAChapter II

Section 47. Opinion as to handwriting, when relevant

When the Court has to form an opinion as to the person by whom any document was written or signed, the opinion of any person acquainted with the handwriting of the person by whom it is supposed to be written or signed that it was or was not written or signed by that person, is a relevant fact.

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Section 45 in The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

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45. Opinions of experts

When the Court has to form an opinion upon a point of foreign law or of science or art, or as to identity of handwriting [or finger impressions], the opinions upon that point of persons specially skilled in such foreign law, science or art,  [or in questions as to identity of handwriting] [or finger impressions] are relevant facts. Such persons are called experts.

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Section 32 in The Indian Evidence Act, 1872

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Section 32. Cases in which statement of relevant fact by person who is dead or cannot be found, etc ., is relevant

Statements, written or verbal, of relevant facts made by a person who is dead, or who cannot be found, or who has become incapable of giving evidence, or whose attendance cannot be procured without an amount of delay or expense which, under the circumstances of the case, appears to the Court unreasonable, are themselves relevant facts in the following cases:—

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